More species from Hembury – some rare, some common

As well as supporting 5 species of fritillary (the three from yesterday’s blog along with pearl and small pearl bordered), Hembury is also home to a huge range of other wildlife. Here are a few pictures of some of the species currently out and about.

Grayling1This is the grayling butterfly – it is a cryptically coloured animal which is easiest to spot if it is disturbed. It is uncommon on Dartmoor – Hembury and the heathland around Castle Drogo are good places to see it.

Mottled grasshopper
This is the mottled grasshopper which again is uncommon on Dartmoor but at Hembury it occurs in very large numbers. It is identified by the presence of swollen tips to the antennae which can be clearly seen in this picture.

Field grasshopper
This is a field grasshopper – very common in Devon – looks superficially like the mottled grasshopper but no swollen tips to the antennae.

Strangalia maculata - HemburyThis is a  black and yellow long horn beetle (Rutpela maculata) – one of our more common long horns

Parke’s longhorn beetles

I like longhorn beetles – they are large, relatively easy to identify and are found only occasionally so always cause me some excitement! They are not species I specifically go looking for – I normally just bump into them or as happened yesterday they bump into me. Whilst I was a Parke yesterday a large insect flew into me and then landed on an adjacent ash tree. I immediately caught it to see what it was. It turned out to be the black-spotted longhorn beetle Rhagium mordax.

Rhagium mordax12I photographed it in my office on the carpet – it was quite flighty and I was keen to get a picture before it flew off

Rhagium mordax11Here is another picture of the same species also found at Parke in 2009.

Rhagium mordaxHere is Rhagium mordax‘s national distribution – it is quite a common species.

Longhorn beetles have interesting and long lives. The adult female beetle lays eggs into the outer sapwood of rotting stumps (oak predominantly for R. mordax). The larvae then feed on the rotting wood for 2-3 years before emerging as an adult. The adult R. mordax metamorphose in August and stay within the pupal case only emerging in the following April!

Rhagium bifasciatus1

This is the closely related species Rhagium bifasciatus – the two-banded longhorn beetle. Again recorded at Parke in 2008. It is a species most often associated with Scots Pine.

Rhagium bifasciatusAgain quite a common and well distributed species nationally

Leptura aurulenta1

 This species, found at Parke in 2008 is the golden-haired longhorn beetle Leptura aurulenta. The larvae for this species can spend up to 4 years feeding on the dead wood of various trees – most usually oak.

Leptura aurulentaGolden-haired longhorn beetles are much rarer than the previous two species and are largely restricted to Cornwall, South Devon, Hampshire and West Sussex. It has a rarity rating of Nationally Scarce A – a good find at Parke.

Tanner beetle

This species is a large one known as the Tanner beetle Prionus coriarius. This individual was trapped at Parke last year during a moth trapping evening on the 25th July when the highlight of the evening was the capture of a Ringed Border moth – a first for Devon! (see here and here for further details). The Tanner beetle larvae live for up to four years on the roots and rotting stumps of old deciduous trees. The adults are out and about between July and September – they are crepuscular which means they fly at dawn and dusk and are often attracted to light. Thank you to Nicola Bacciu for allowing me to use her excellent photograph of the Parke specimen.

Prionus coiaranus map Tanner beetleAgain another sparsely distributed species which is categorised as Nationally Scarce A – another excellent record for Parke.

 

Ruptela maculata 1

The final species I have recorded at Parke is Rutpela maculata – the black and yellow longhorn beetle. I found 4 individuals last July at Parke – see here. The larvae are fond of rotting birch and can live for 2-3 years. The adults are quite conspicuous as they are often found feeding on umbellifer flowers.

Rutpela maculataQuite a common species nationally.

Longhorn beetles are good indicators of species rich parklands, woodlands and dead wood habitats – they are species of conservation interest – the more species – the better the habitat. There are records of three other species from Parke – Grammoptera ruficornis  the common Grammoptera, Leptura quadrifasciata the four banded longhorn beetle and Pogonocherus hispidulus the greater thorn-lipped longhorn beetle – all are quite common nationally. I am sure there are many more species of longhorn beetle here at Parke and over time they will be recorded. If you have any records of longhorn beetles from Parke or any other National Trust properties I would love to hear from you.

All maps are courtesy of the National Biodiversity Network – see here where you can access (for free) distribution maps of all UK species of wildlife – an amazing resource built largely on the efforts of amateur naturalists who share their records for the greater good.

If you want to know more about longhorn beetles I can recommend the excellent Identification articles in British Wildlife Magazine.

Identification: Longhorn beetles part 1: British Wildlife (2007)  vol 18 pp406-414 Andrew Duff & Richard Lewington
Identification: Longhorn beetles part 2: British Wildlife (2007)  vol 19 pp35-43 Andrew Duff & Richard Lewington

See here for more details on British Wildlife Magazine – an essential read / subscription!

 

Black and yellow longhorns all over Parke

In the space of less than an hour I found (well bumped into really) 4 different black and yellow longhorn beetles (Rutpela maculata) in the wet meadows and woodland edge at Parke. Unusual to see so many individuals in such a short space of time and so close together. (Some sources give Rutpela maculata the common name of the spotted longhorn).

Ruptela maculata 1These are pretty distinctive beetles – I particularly like the black and yellow stripped antennae.

Ruptela maculata

These adult beetles live for about 4 weeks but the larvae live for up to three years in damp rotting wood of various broad-leaved trees particularly birch.