Cromlech stones in Pembrokeshire

Yesterday was a wild, wet and windy day here in Pembrokeshire. Nevertheless we ventured out and went to see some of the National Park’s Cromlech Stones. These are Neolithic (New Stone Age) burial chambers which are around 5000 years old. They have various names around the UK – known also as Dolmen, Tolmen or Quiot Stones.

People of high importance would have been buried in such places. Few remain today.

Carreg Samson
This is Cerreg Sampson high on the headland above Abercastle – it sits in a heavily grazed cattle field looking out to sea. The body of the dead person was interned within a ring of stone which was then capped by the ‘table’ stone and then covered in earth. All have long since been plundered only leaving the table stone and some supporting stones. Carreg is the Welsh for Rock or Stone.

Carreg Coetan Arthur 1This is Carreg Coetan Arthur – near Newport east of Fishguard. Coetan may mean burial chamber or may be the word from which Quoit was derived.

Carreg Coetan Arthur 2It sits with a tiny enclosure above the estuary of the Afon Nyfer – as a result it has sadly lost its landscape context but is otherwise in good condition.

Coetan Arthur 3The final cromlech we visited was on St David’s Head and is managed by the National Trust. It has partially collapsed but is still set in its historic landscape. Interestingly it is called Coetan Arthur (and in some guides Carreg Coitan Arthur) and is therefore very easily confused with the previous Dolman Stone.

Coetan Arthur 2
Perfectly set within a magical land and sea scape which perhaps explains the use of Mythological / Biblical heroes to name them.

Coetan Arthur 1Finally the sun came out and we were treated to a rainbow above the Stone

DSCN8103The only surviving Dolmen Stone on Dartmoor is known as Spinster’s Rock near to Drewsteignton



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